assessment is an approach to the monitoring of students' progress in
relationship to identified learner outcomes. This method of assessment
requires the student to create answers or products which demonstrate
his/her knowledge or skills. This differs from traditional testing
methods which require a student to select a single correct answer or
to fill in the blank.
What are the
characteristics of an effective performance assessment task?
The Office of
Technology Assessment of the U.S. Congress defines performance
assessment as “any form of testing that requires a student to create
an answer or a product that demonstrates his or her knowledge or
skills.” According to Stephen K. Hess, Director or Criterion
Referenced Evaluation and Testing for Frederick County Public Schools,
the goal of effective performance assessment is “to develop
important tasks that are worthwhile and engaging for student,
requiring the application of skills and knowledge learned prior to the
Experts in the
field emphasize that any effective performance assessment task should
have the following design features:
be active participants, not passive “selectors of the single
outcomes should be clearly identified and should guide the design
of a performance task.
be expected to demonstrate mastery of those intended outcomes when
responding to all facets of the task.
demonstrate their ability to apply their knowledge and skills to
reality-based situations and scenarios.
logical set of performance-based activities that students are
expected to follow should be evident.
presented set of criteria should be available to help judge the
degree of proficiency in a student response.
are performance assessment tasks scored?
link provides an overview of process used in the Maryland
School Performance Assessment Program for scoring student
responses. Included in this link are sample rubrics, rules,
and keys, accompanied by an explanation of how each is used.
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