Is a Portfolio?
A portfolio is a
purposeful collection of student work that exhibits the student's
efforts, progress, and achievements in one or more areas of the
curriculum. The collection must include the following:
participation in selecting contents.
for judging merits.
of a student's self-reflection.
It should represent a
collection of students' best work or best efforts, student-selected
samples of work experiences related to outcomes being assessed, and
documents according growth and development toward mastering identified
Paulson, F.L. Paulson,
P.R. and Meyer, CA. (1991, February). "What Makes a Portfolio a
Portfolio?" Educational Leadership, pp. 60-63.
Use a Portfolio?
In this new era of
performance assessment related to the monitoring of students' mastery of
a core curriculum, portfolios can enhance the assessment process by
revealing a range of skills and understandings one students' parts;
support instructional goals; reflect change and growth over a period of
time; encourage student, teacher, and parent reflection; and provide for
continuity in education from one year to the next. Instructors can use
them for a variety of specific purposes, including:
the view of what is learned.
learning about learning.
progress toward identified outcomes.
an intersection for instruction and assessment.
a way for students to value themselves as learners.
opportunities for peer-supported growth.
Can Portfolios Enhance the MSPAP Preparation Process?
The heart of successful
Maryland School Performance Assessment Program preparation is the
ongoing involvement of students in performance-based instruction and
assessment experiences. Portfolios offer an ideal context for monitoring
students' direct experience in MSPAP performance assessment asks and
Dimensions of Learning meaningful-use tasks. They can record both final
products and students' ongoing thinking reflections and decision-making
processes while engaged in such tasks.